Demand for electric vehicles is steadily increasing around the world due to its ecofriendly attributes. A number of new automobile companies have now started manufacturing electric vehicles to meet the surging demand. Of course, China is the leading producer of electric vehicles today. With growth in the production of electric vehicles, demand for lithium ion batteries have been increasing at impressive rate. Apart from electric vehicles, the demand for lithium ion batteries in Energy Storage System (ESS) and the equipment used in information technology are also steadily increasing.A number of lithium ion battery projects are already in operation and more projects are being planned.Lithium ion battery requires several components/chemicals, whose demand is also increasing in tune with the growth in the production of lithium ion batteries. The important basic components for the lithium ion battery include lithium, nickel, cobalt, graphite. There are supply issues with regard to cobalt, lithium and nickel, as they are available only in a few countries. This book is prepared by a team of chemical engineers and professional managers and the book discusses in depth the overall lithium ion battery scenario globally and discusses about the demand supply scenario for lithium ion battery and selected components/chemicals. This book would provide complete understanding for the readers about the various aspects relating to global lithium ion battery scenario and certainly would help the investors, researchers and students in getting holistic view in the global industry context.